El pasado lunes 14 de febrero se publicaba en BigThink.com el artículo Meet the Robin Hood of Science contando la historia de Alexandra Elbakyan, una investigadora de Kazajistán, creadora en 2011 del portal Sci-Hub.
“On September 5th, 2011, Alexandra Elbakyan, a researcher from Kazakhstan, created Sci-Hub, a website that bypasses journal paywalls, illegally providing access to nearly every scientific paper ever published immediately to anyone who wants it.”
El año pasado, esto le costó que un juez de Nueva York emitiera una orden preliminar sobre el portal, en vísperas del próximo caso Elsevier vs Sci-Hub.
In a letter to the judge, Elbakyan defended her decision not on legal grounds, but on ethical grounds. Elbakyan writes: “When I was a student in Kazakhstan University, I did not have access to any research papers. These papers I needed for my research project. Payment of 32 dollars is just insane when you need to skim or read tens or hundreds of these papers to do research. I obtained these papers by pirating them. Later I found there are lots and lots of researchers (not even students, but university researchers) just like me, especially in developing countries. They created online communities (forums) to solve this problem. I was an active participant in one of such communities in Russia. Here anyone who needs a research paper, but cannot pay for it, could place a request and other members who can obtain the paper will send it for free by email. I could obtain any paper by pirating it, so I solved many requests and people always were very grateful for my help. After that, I created Sci-Hub.org, a website that simply makes this process automatic and the website immediately became popular.
It is true that Sci-Hub collects donations, however we do not pressure anyone to send them. Elsevier, in contrast, operates by racket: If you do not send money, you will not read any papers. On my website, any person can read as many papers as they want for free, and sending donations is their free will. Why can Elsevier not work like this, I wonder?”
A algunos nos viene a la mente el caso de Aaron Swartz. Para quien no lo conozca y sienta curiosidad recomendamos el documental The Internet’s Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz.
No hay justicia al cumplir leyes injustas. Es hora de salir a la luz y, siguiendo la tradición de la desobediencia civil, oponernos a este robo privado de la cultura pública. Aaron Swartz
También puede leer la entrada de Wikipedia United States v. Swartz, y no podemos dejar de compartir el Guerilla Open Access Manifesto, cuya traducción al español podeis encontrar aquí.
La información es poder. Pero como todo poder, hay quienes quieren mantenerlo para sí mismos. Guerilla Open Acces Manifesto, Aaron Swartz